National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Living With A Star

Targeted Research and Technology

Injection of Magnetic Helicity into the Corona

ROSES ID: NRA-02-OSS-01      Selection Year: 2003      

Program Element: Independent Investigation: LWS

Principal Investigator: Barry LaBonte

Affiliation(s): Johns Hopkins University

Project Member(s):
Rust, David M COI Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory
Georgoulis, Manolis Konstantinos COI The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
Krimigis, Stamatios M Authorizing Official Johns Hopkins University


Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) -- the major source of geomagnetic disturbances -- carry magnetic flux and helicity from the sun into interplanetary space. The magnetic helicity quantifies how the magnetic field is distorted and stressed beyond its lowest energy state. Such stressed states are associated with solar flares, filament eruptions and CME onsets. Thus, it is important to examine solar observations for the sources of this helicity. Recent studies show that emergence of subsurface helical fields into active regions is the most important source of coronal helicity. We will use new methods to analyze high-resolution solar vector magnetograms and find the places and rates of helicity transfer into the corona. We will analyze the magnetograms already obtained with the Imaging Vector Magnetograph to follow the flow of helicity over time scales of minutes to days. We will compare this flow to CME activity and to helicity measurements in magnetic clouds. We will try to determine which signatures of the magnetic helicity developments in active regions might be useful for forecasting CMEs. During the proposed three-year effort, we will also analyze new data, to be obtained in cooperation with the Institute for Astronomy in Hawaii during campaigns supporting the RHESSI mission.


Performance YearReferenceInvestigation TypeActions
1LaBonte, Barry   APL - Injection of Magnetic Helicity into ...
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1LaBonte, B. J.; Georgoulis, M. K.; Rust, D. M.; (200...
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Performance YearReferenceActions
1Georgoulis, Manolis K.; Rust, David M.; Labonte, Barr...
1Georgoulis, Manolis K.; Labonte, Barry J.; Rust, Davi...
1Labonte, B. J.; Rust, D.; Bernasconi, P.; Georgoulis,...
1Georgoulis, M. K.; Labonte, B. J.; Rust, D. M.; (200...

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