Seed Particle Populations in the Solar Corona
ROSES ID: NNH10ZDA001N Selection Year: 2011
Program Element: Focused Science Topic
Principal Investigator: Len Fisk
Affiliation(s): University of Michigan
Gloeckler, George Co-I Regents of the University of Michigan
A key factor that is expected to influence the highly variable intensity in the largest solar particle events, usually associated with CMEs, is the availability of a seed particle population. Most mechanisms that effectively accelerate high-energy particles have difficulty accelerating particles directly out of the thermal plasma, or at least are greatly enhanced in their efficiency and effectiveness if there is a suprathermal seed particle population present.
During the last decade, considerable progress has been made in understanding the origin of suprathermal particles in the solar wind. An efficient pump acceleration mechanism has been developed by Fisk & Gloeckler that can account for the observed spectral shape and the intensity of suprathermal tails in the solar wind.
The conditions required for the pump mechanism of Fisk & Gloeckler to operate are quite general and should also prevail in the solar corona and create seed particle populations. We propose to apply the pump mechanism of Fisk & Gloeckler to predict the seed particle populations in the solar corona, and to develop observational tests for the presence of these seed particles. We will develop a model for the acceleration of seed particles in the open corona, where the solar wind originates; this is the region that will be encountered by CME-driven shocks. We will develop a model for the acceleration and release of particles from coronal loops, in impulsive solar energetic particle events. We will also apply our growing knowledge of acceleration at shocks in the solar wind by the pump mechanism to explore the possibility that the pump mechanism could be the dominate acceleration mechanism in producing very energetic particles at CME-driven shocks in the corona.
As has been the case throughout the development of the theory for the acceleration of suprathermal particles in the solar wind, the development of the model for the acceleration of seed particles in the solar corona will only be successful if the assumptions and predictions of the model are continuously checked against observations. The proposed research thus lends itself well to a Focus Team effort, where our assumptions of prevalent conditions and our predictions can be checked against observations, and we have access to and can contribute to the development of other theories and models.
|Performance Year||Reference||Investigation Type||Actions|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, G.; (2012), Acceleration of Galactic...||not set|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, G.; (2012), Energetic particle accel...||not set|
|1||Gloeckler, G.; Fisk, L. A.; Mason, G. M.; Roelof, E. C.; Sto...||not set|
|1||Gershman, Daniel J.; Zurbuchen, Thomas H.; Fisk, Lennard A.;...||not set|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, G.; (2012), Particle Acceleration in...||not set|
|1||Zhao, Liang; Gibson, Sarah E.; Fisk, Lennard A.; (201...||not set|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, G.; (2014), The case for a common sp...||not set|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, G.; (2011), Predicting the Condition...|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, George; (2012), Acceleration in ...|
|1||Gloeckler, G.; Fisk, L. A.; (2012), The Diffusive Shock Acce...|
|1||Zhao, L.; Gibson, S. E.; Fisk, L. A.; (2012), Preliminary Re...|
|1||Gloeckler, G.; Fisk, L. A.; (2013), A Likely Explanation of ...|
|1||Fisk, L. A.; Gloeckler, George; (2014), The Global Configura...|
|1||Gloeckler, George; Fisk, L. A.; (2014), Interstellar Pickup ...|
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